Total Knee Replacement Specialist

Methodist Physician Group Orthopedic and Spine Center -  - Orthopedic Surgeon

Methodist Physician Group Orthopedic and Spine Center

Orthopedic Surgeons & Spine Surgeons located in Merrillville, IN & Gary, IN

It's arthroplasty specialists like Dr. Vineet Shah, Dr. Alfred Bonjean, and Dr. Judson Wood, Jr., with the Methodist Physician Group Orthopedic and Spine Center in Merrillville, Indiana, that provides those suffering from serious joint problems hope for regaining their mobility. The knee is a complex joint and total replacement of it requires a very specific skill set, one you can find with the specialists at Methodist Physician Group Orthopedic and Spine Center.

Total Knee Replacement Q & A

What is total knee replacement?

As the name suggests, this procedure involves the removal of a damaged or diseased knee joint and the insertion of a prosthetic device to replace it. The goal is to restore the function to the knee and improve mobility for the patient. Knee prosthetics have come quite a distance over the last few years; the original designs were little more than hinges that left the patient stiff and partially disabled.

Technology and the advancement of reconstructive procedures have considerably improved on total knee replacements. Specialists in this field like Drs. Shah, Bonjean and Wood go through years of training to learn which innovative designs are best for what patients, for example. The sophistication of today's knee replacement devices simulates the natural joint almost perfectly. The procedure to install the prosthetic at the Methodist Physician Group Orthopedic and Spine Center in Merrillville, Indiana is less invasive and more efficient, as well.

What is arthroplasty?

It's a term a patient often hears when discussing total knee replacements. Arthroplasty is the medical name for an orthopedic surgical procedure that involves the replacement, remodeling or realignment of the articular surface of a joint. Put simply, knee arthroplasty usually involves a partial or total knee replacement.

Why is a total knee replacement necessary?

There are a number of possible factors involved, but usually, it has to do with the patient's level of discomfort and decreased mobility. The knee joint needs to remain flexible enough to allow the legs to bend when walking, sitting and climbing stairs. If the damage to the joint is making these things impossible, then it is time to consider replacing it.

Are there risks with knee replacement surgery?

As with all surgeries, there are some risks, including infection. Anytime a surgeon installs a prosthetic device, infection becomes a concern, although it’s a rare complication. Post-surgical signs of infection include:

  • High fever
  • Chills that cause shaking
  • Drainage
  • Redness and swelling around the knee

If this happens, it will be necessary to remove the artificial knee and install a new one.

Drs. Shah, Bonjean and Wood will also watch for:

  • Blood clots in the leg or lungs
  • Heart attack
  • Stroke
  • Nerve damage

These are all rare, but possible, complications of surgery.