Orthopedic specialists at the Methodist Physician Group Orthopedic and Spine Center in Merrillville, Indiana -- like Dr. Ashish Patel and Dr. Elian Shepherd -- are experts in the diagnosis and treatment of spinal deformities including scoliosis. Both are board-certified and can provide both surgical and non-surgical interventions for the treatment of spinal deformities.
The spine is that flexible and segmented column that gives the human body the ability to remain upright. It works in conjunction with other skeletal structures, such as the pelvis, along with a comprehensive network of supportive tissue, to provide the musculoskeletal infrastructure that allows a person to stand, sit, walk, and even lie down.
The spine itself consists of multiple bones and joints delicately balanced to provide movement with a minimal amount of exertion. When a component of this intricate structure comes out of alignment or doesn't fit in some other way, it throws the whole system off.
Scoliosis means lateral bending of the spine. In other words, instead of a straight column, the spine has a sideways curvature that can interfere with its structure and flexibility. Idiopathic scoliosis usually occurs during a growth spurt that happens right before the onset of puberty, or the condition may be due to an underlying problem such as cerebral palsy and muscular dystrophy. The degree of curvature may be anywhere from mild to disabling.
Symptoms of scoliosis that Drs. Patel or Shepherd will look for include:
Left untreated, a spine with this curve may eventually rotate or twist.
The exact treatment will depend on a number of factors such as the degree of the curve and age of the patient. Dr. Patel might decide, for example, that a child with mild scoliosis needs no treatment. He can monitor the spine’s curvature as the patient grows to see if there are changes that require an intervention. In some cases, specialists like Dr. Shepherd will prescribe a brace that prevents scoliosis from progressing any further as the child gets older. It won’t, however, reverse the curve.
While scoliosis is probably the most common condition in this group, it’s not the only one. Dr. Patel and Shepherd treat a variety of spine problems at the Methodist Physician Group Orthopedic and Spine Center many of them having to do with misalignments or exaggerated areas in the column such as lordosis or kyphosis.