The orthopedic specialists at The Methodist Physician Group Specialists in Merrillville, Indiana treat and manage all forms of bone problems including fracture care. Bone fractures are especially diverse and complex traumatic injuries. The effective medical treatment goes beyond just putting on a cast. The orthopedic specialists at Methodist Physician Group Orthopedic and Spine Center evaluate the injury and create a focused care plan to ensure the best patient outcome. Treatment options may include realignment of the bones or even surgical reconstruction, depending on the extent of the fracture.
Put simply, a fracture is a break in the continuity of the bone. The human body is made up of 206 bones by adulthood. Children have even more because they fuse together as a person grows. Any one of those bones can fracture upon impact.
A bone fracture is a medical emergency that requires professional evaluation and treatment. Often the fractured ends need realignment, called reduction, to ensure proper healing.
There are various types and degrees of fractures, which is why specialists like the orthopedic surgeons at The Methodist Physician Group Specialists manage the treatment plan. For example, a simple fracture indicates the bone doesn't penetrate the skin. With complex fractures, one or more pieces of bone sticks through the skin surface. Some other kinds of fractures include:
A stable fracture aligns nicely without much medical intervention. A transverse fracture, on the other hand, follows a horizontal line and a comminuted indicates shattering of the bone.
Patients tend to associate a bone fracture with accidents, but they can happen as part of a disease or mechanical process, too. For instance, osteoporosis is a condition that causes weakening of the bone tissue, making fractures very likely.
There are overuse or stress fractures, as well. When muscles endure repeated motion, they tire, putting more stress on the bone. This additional pressure eventually causes a crack to form on the surface of the bone. If that's left untreated, the crack may deepen until the piece snaps in two or shatters.
That will depend on the location, severity, and type of fracture. One of the orthopedic specialists at The Methodist Physician Group Specialists will examine the injury to make that determination. Some possible care practices include:
Fixation means a surgical procedure that attaches the pieces of bone together using screws or metal plates to maintain the alignment and allow for proper healing.